Indications for an urgent referral for a suspected new malignancy are shown below – see preview of document
Rectal Bleed Clinic: New symptoms of bright red rectal bleeding should be referred to the respective Rectal Bleed Clinic or Colorectal Clinic unless there is an additional reason to suspect colorectal cancer.
ALL patients referred for suspected Lower GI cancer should have a FIT test before referral, and the result included on the 2WW form.
If there is insufficient time to wait for FIT results you should indicate that a FIT has been sent to the patient and the results are pending.
- FIT testing requested at time of referral (see below)
- Digital Rectal Examination.
- FBC (Hb and Ferritin), LFTs, and U&Es at time of referral, unless taken during the preceding 1 month.
Referring patients who meet 2WW criteria
The 2WW Lower GI form has a dual-purpose allowing referring clinician to select appropriate NG12 clinical criteria and also generate a request to order a FIT.
Please tick this box as it allows secondary care to prioritise and book patients for colonoscopies and other diagnostic tests, for example CT Colonography (CTC).
Recent bloods (EGFR / U&Es) in the last 3 months are required before CTC or Colonoscopy.
Please provide results or where possible arrange for the patient to have appropriate blood test.
Please send the referral form directly via eReferral AND Email to email@example.com
If you do NOT email the form to firstname.lastname@example.org a testing kit will NOT be posted to the patient.
Please stress the importance to patients that they need to complete their FIT as soon as possible. A leaflet explaining how to collect a sample will be included with the testing kit.
FIT results of more than 10 are deemed positive – patient has a 1 in 4 chance of Lower GI cancer.
When FIT is less than 10 it suggests a low probability of Lower GI cancer, although these do occur. Patients with bowel cancer and a FIT less than 10 often have other symptoms.
Preview of Lower GI 2WW Form
Safety Netting During the COVID-19 Recovery Phase (Cancer Research UK CRUK)
Referring symptomatic patients who DO NOT meet the 2WW criteria
Consider handing the patient a Cancer Research UK Information Sheet – follow link