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Trigger finger – adults

  

Trigger finger is a condition that affects one or more of the hand's tendons, making it difficult to bend the affected finger or thumb.


Prior approval from the Clinical Commissioning Group will be required before any treatment proceeds in secondary care.

Management should be in accordance with British Society for Surgery of the Hand recommendations1:

Classification

Mild (“pre-triggering”)

  • History of pain or of catching or “click”
  • Tender A1 pulley; but fully mobile finger

Moderate

    • Triggering with:

· A – Difficulty actively extending finger
· B – Need for passive finger extension, Loss of complete active flexion

Severe

  • Fixed contracture
Treatment

Prior approval from the CCG will be required before any treatment proceeds in secondary care

Refer to Secondary Care provider via RSS using the appropriate Prior Approval Referral Form.

Mild cases which cause no loss of function require no treatment or avoidance of activities which precipitate triggering and may resolve spontaneously.

Cases interfering with activities or causing pain should first be treated with:

  • One or two steroid injections which are typically successful (strong evidence), but the problem may recur, especially in diabetics;

OR

  • Splinting of the affected finger for 3-12 weeks (weak evidence)

Surgery will be funded if:

  • Triggering persists or recurs after one of the above measures (particularly steroid injections);

OR

  • Finger is permanently locked in the palm;

OR

  • Patient has previously had 2 other trigger digits unsuccessfully treated with appropriate non-operative methods;

OR

  • Surgery is usually effective and requires a small skin incision in the palm, but can be done with a needle through a puncture wound (percutaneous release)
Refer to Adult Physiotherapy Service – Coventry

If patients have triggering of one or several of the digits refer for a steroid injection using the normal Adult Physiotherapy pathway via the ‘NHS eReferral Service’.

Here they will be triaged into an appropriate injection slot by the clinician.

Splints or Physiotherapy are nor provided for triggering of digits.

If patient have had > 2 injections into the same digit with no improvement please send to Orthopaedics for consideration of a release.

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