Infertility is a problem of a couple, not an individual, therefore all referrals must have male and female history and couples must attend appointments together. Male factor infertility accounts for 30-40%, female 40-50% and combined 10-20%. 92% of couples will conceive within two years.
Do not refer for fertility treatment before 1yr UNLESS: age ≥ 35yr, known to have: PCOS, fibroids, endometriosis, previous ectopic pregnancy, previous pelvic surgery, PID, infrequent/absent periods, anovulatory progesterone concentrations, endocrine problems, semen abnormalities.
There are five different infertility clinics at UHCW so to enable us to get your couple to the correct clinic the first time we need you to do some initial investigations.
We need the following history from both partners (where relevant)
- 1. Duration of infertility
- 2. Menstrual history
- 3. Lifestyle Issues: Smoking, BMI, alcohol, STDs (pelvic/testicular infections), work, stress, diet and exercise routine
- 4. Any previous children/pregnancies
- 5. Previous contraceptive use
- 6. Up to date cervical smears, PMH, FH, DH
- 7. Rubella immunisation status
- 8. Child welfare issues
Semen analysis: One semen sample is sufficient if normal. If the first specimen is abnormal, another sample should be obtained, preferably three months later. If the male partner is not registered at your surgery, please advise that he needs to arrange semen analysis through his own GP and state “semen analysis advised” in your referral letter.
Book semen analysis via Choose & Book (not via the Referral Support Service) or use the purple form. See the tab to the right for further information about arrangements for semen analysis.
Semen results can be seen on the Other Events tab of CRRS. Questions about semen analysis should be addressed to either
- Paula Frost, Senior Cryobank Officer, email firstname.lastname@example.org
- Pavan Kachhwaha, Embryologist, email email@example.com or call 024 7696 8887 between 08:30 and 15:30, Monday to Friday.
- Full blood count
- Haemoglobinopathy screen
- Rubella serology
- Day 2-3 FSH, LH, Oestrogen, Prolactin, TSH
- Day 21 progesterone (or 7 days before next period due)
- High Vaginal Swab and Chlamydia screen (can’t do tubal patency testing without this)
- Folic Acid 400 micrograms/day
- Reduce alcohol intake, <4 units per week
- Reduce caffeine consumption, not >1 cup a day
- Stop smoking
- Lose weight if BMI >29 or gain weight if BMI <19 (BMI 19-29 for NHS treatment)
Please refer all couples irrespective of the female’s age as the initial investigations can be done on the NHS. They would then be advised as to their treatment options and can make an informed decision if they wish to pay privately if outside the NHS criteria.
Local Criteria for NHS funded IUI, IVF, ICSI Treatment
- Stable relationship for 2 yrs
- Female aged 23-39
- Female BMI 19-30 kg/m2
- Non smokers (both partners)
- No children under the age of 16 from either partner living with the couple (including adopted)
- No previous sterilisation in either partner
- No previously funded IVF/ICSI treatment
- No child welfare issues